The 87 member States of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, which entered into force in September 2003, have adopted documentation requirements and other procedures for promoting the safety of international trade in living (or genetically) modified organisms (known as LMOs, or GMOs), during their one-week meeting in Malaysia.
Chinese scientists have discovered why an agricultural practice called "intercropping' increases crop yields. The discovery could help farmers cut down the amount of chemical fertiliser they use on their crops, reducing chemical pollution in soils.
Slightly changing the construction methods of traditional maize storage granaries can result in significantly reduced insect infestation and mildew losses for small farmers
Traditional agricultural practice in Africa involves shifting cultivation in which cultivated land is left to fallow so that soil fertility is restored. However, increased land demand from a growing population is placing constraints on this practice. Alternatives to this farming practice have become inevitable.
Forests and tree plantations are seen as part of the solution since they store carbon at a rate 20 to 100 times more per acre than pastures and croplands. The substitution of composting and other organic techniques for fertilizers and pesticides on tree plantations also allows for increased carbon storage.
In recent years the shea tree has gained importance as an economic crop because of the heavy demand for its butter, both locally and internationally. In recognition of the need to find substitutes for the rather expensive cocoa products, and to maximize economic exploitation of the vast shea resource in Ghana, the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) initiated scientific research into the cultivation and processing of shea nuts.
Worldwide, about a million people are poisoned by pesticides each year; ten thousand of these victims die from such poisonings. The risks are greatest in developing countries. Ninety-nine percent of the deaths caused by agricultural chemicals occur in those countries.
In the semiarid zones of sub-Saharan Africa, crop and livestock farming forms the source of sustenance for resource-poor farmers. But the dry season is usually marked with food scarcity, reduced food availability, and lower village-level economic activities.
Food legume improvement project (FLIP) is under the rain-fed agricultural research program at National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer (NCARTT) in Jordan, a government body under the umbrella of the Ministry of Agriculture.
Controlling Andean potato weevils while minimizing pesticide use